Ambrose, Kimberly, Paul Among Jews: Rehabilitating Paul (Wipf and Stock), 2015, presents a more consistent and credible Paul as a first-century Diaspora Jew organizing a mission to Gentiles.

Eisenbaum, Pamela, Paul Was Not a Christian: The Original Message of a Misunderstood Apostle (Harper One), 2009, demonstrates the full Jewishness of Paul.

Elliott, Neil, Liberating Paul: The Justice of God and the Politics of the Apostle (Fortress Press), 2005, argues for a liberationist reading of Paul.

Fredriksen, Paula, Paul: The Pagans’ Apostle (Yale University Press), 2017, develops a solid and sustained argument for the historical reconstruction of Paul within Judaism.

Gager, John G., Reinventing Paul (Oxford University Press), 2000, rejects an anti-Jewish reading of Paul.

Gaston, Lloyd, Paul and the Torah (Vancouver: Univ. of British Columbia Press), reprint 1991, argues that Paul’s criticism of the Law was limited to its relationship to Gentiles.

Given, Mark D., ed., Paul Unbound: Other Perspectives on the Apostle (Baker Academic), 2010, includes a wide variety of essays.

Nanos, Mark D., Reading Corinthians and Philippians within Judaism: Collected Essays of Mark D. Nanos, vol. 4 (Cascade Books), 2017, provides new light on key Pauline texts.

Nanos, Mark D., The Irony of Galatians: Paul’s Letter in First-Century Context (Augsburg Fortress), 2001, is a follow-up to his book, The Mystery of Romans.

Nanos, Mark D., The Mystery of Romans: The Jewish Context of Paul’s Letter (Fortress Press), 1996, was awarded the 1996 National Jewish Book Award in the category of Jewish-Christian relations.

Nanos, Mark D., and Zetterholm, Magnus, eds., Paul Within Judaism: Restoring the First-Century Context to the Apostle (Fortress Press), 2015, is the latest anthology exploring this latest trend in Pauline studies.

Stowers, Stanley K., A Rereading of Romans: Justice, Jews, and Gentiles (Yale University Press), 1997, interprets Romans in light of rhetorical conventions available in Paul’s time.

Tucker, J. Brian, Reading 1 Corinthians (Cascade Books), 2017, reads Paul’s letter through the lens of social identity theory, a leading social scientific method for understanding the New Testament.

Young, Brad H., Paul the Jewish Theologian: A Pharisee Among Christians, Jews, and Gentiles (Peabody, Massachussetts: Hendrickson Publisers, Inc.), 1998, explores Paul’s thought in his Jewish context.

Zetterholm, Magnus, Approaches to Paul: A Student’s Guide to Recent Scholarship (Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press), 2009, focuses on Paul’s relationship to Judaism but describes postcolonial and feminist approaches to Paul as well.

Don’t miss out

Get the latest The Paul Page news, content, and more—sign up today!